Introduction to plant taxonomy. Parts of the crops cell types. Characteristics, distribution, economic importance and local examples of Fabaceae (formally Leguminosae); Phocaea (formerly Graminasae), Asteraceae (formerly Composite), Dioscoreacae. Comparative anatomy of major plant organs. Enzymes, photosynthesis and translocation; pollination, respiration and energy utilization; seed dormancy and germination, development, mineral nutrition.
Crop production and its development. The principles, problem and prospect of crop production. Importance of crop rotation, cultural practices, and soil conservation, irrigation, irrigation and drainage. General types and characteristics of arthropods, micro-organisms and other pests affecting crops. Weed and their effects on crop production, pests, diseases and weed control. Principles of crop production, harvesting, processing and storage.